RALPH T. FOSTER

2189 Bancroft Way

Berkeley, California 94704


BIBLIOGRAPHY

CHAPTER 1 THE BIRTH OF PAPER MONEY

Del Mar, Alexander. History of Money in Ancient Countries From the earliest Times to the Present. London: George Bell and Sons, 1885.

--------. Money and Civilization. London: George Bell and Sons, 1886.

Elvin, Mark. The Pattern of the Chinese Past. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1973.

Gernet, Jacques. Le Monde Chinois. Paris: [Paris] A. Colin, 1972.

Hartwell, Robert M. "The Evolution of the Early Northern Sung Monetary System, A. D. 960-1025." Journal of the American Oriental Society 87.3 (1967): 280-89.

Seidel, Anna. "Buying One's Way into Heaven The Celestial Treasury in Chinese Religions." History of Relzpons 17 (1978): 419-31.

Swann, Nancy Lee. Food and Money in Ancient China: Han Shu 24. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1950.

Tang, Lin. Miraculous retribution: A Study and Translation of Tang Lin's Ming-Pao Chi. Berkeley: Donald E. Gjertson / Centers for South and Southeast Asia Studies, University of California at Berkeley, 1989.

The Cambridge Encyclopedia of China. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

Vissering, Willem. On Chinese Currency-Coin and Paper Money. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1877.

Von Glahn, Richard. Fountain of Fortune-Money and Monetary Policy in China, 1000- 1700. Berkeley, Los Angeles & London: University of California Press, 1996.

Welch, Holmes and Seidel, Anna, eds. Facets of Taoism: Essays in Chinese Religion. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1979.

Yang, Lien-sheng. Money and Credit in China: A Short History. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1952.

--------. Studies in Chinese Institutional History. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1961.

CHAPTER 2 THE PAPER MONEY OF CHINA-1024-1661

Blunden, Caroline and Elvin, Mark. Cultural Atlas of China. Oxford: Phaidon, 1983.

Boorstin, Daniel. The Discoverers. New York: Random House, 1983.

Braudel, Fernand. Civilization and Capitalism, 15th-18th Century. Vol. I, The Structures of Everyday Life. Trans. SiČn Reynolds. New York: Harper & Row Publishers, 1979.

--------. Civilization and Capitalism, 15th-18th Century. Vol. 2, The Wheels of Commerce. Trans. SiČn Reynolds. New York: Harper & Row, 1982.

--------. Civilization and Capitalism, 15th-18th Century. Vol. 3, The Perspective of the World. Trans. SiČn Reynolds. New York: Harper & Row, 1982.

Carter, Thomas. The Invention of Printing in China and Its Spread Westward. New York: Ronald Press Co., 1955.

Gernet, Jacques. Daily Life in China on the Eve of the Mongol Invasion 1250-1276. Trans. H. M. Wright. New York: Macmillan Company, 1962.

Goldstone, Jack A. Revolution and Rebellion in the Early Modern World. Berkeley & Los Angles: University of California Press, 1991.

Groseclose, Elgin Earl. Introduction to Iran. New York: Oxford University Press, 1947.

Malcolm, John Sir. The History of Persia From The Most Early Period to The Present Time. London: John Murray, Albemarle Street, 1829.

Marshall, Robert. Storm from the East from Gengis Khan to Khubilai Khan. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993.

Morse, Hosea Ballou. The Trade and Administration of China. Shanghai: Kelly & Walsh, 1908.

Schurman, Franz Herbert. Economic Structure of the Yuan Dynasty. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1956.

Spuler, Berthold. History of the Mongols, based on Eastern and Western accounts of the thirteenth and fourteenth Centuries. Trans.

Helga and Stuart Drummond. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1972.

Tullock, Gordon. "Paper Money-A Cycle In Cathay." The Economic History Review 9.3 (1957): 393-407.

The Cambridge Encyclopedia of China. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

Vissering, Willem. On Chinese Currency-Coin and Paper Money. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1877.

Von Glahn, Richard. Fountain of Fortune-Money and Monetary Policy in China, 1000- 1700. Berkeley, Los Angeles & London: University of California Press, 1996.

Wang, Li Shia. Coin and Money Dictionary. Shanghai: Shanghai Classic Press, 1991.

Yang, Lien-sheng. Money and Credit in China: A Short History. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1952.

--------. Studies in Chinese Institutional History. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1961.

CHAPTER 3 THE LINK

Angell, Norman. The Story of Money. Garden City: Garden City Publishing Company, 1929.

Barbour, Violet. Capitalism in Amsterdam in the 17th Century. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press, 1950.

Blunden, Caroline and Elvin, Mark. Cultural Atlas of China. Oxford: Phaidon, 1983.

Braudel, Fernand. Civilization and Capitalism, 15th-18th Century. Vol. I, The Structures of Everyday Life. Trans. SiČn Reynolds. New York: Harper & Row, 1979.

--------. Civilization and Capitalism, 15th-18th Century. Vol. 2, The Wheels of Commerce. Trans. SiČn Reynolds. New York: Harper & Row, 1984.

--------. Civilization and Capitalism, 15th-18th Century. Vol. 3, The Perspective of the World. Trans. SiČn Reynolds. New York: Harper & Row, 1982.

--------. The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II. Vol. 1, Trans. SiČn Reynolds. New York: Harper & Row Publishers, 1972.

--------. The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II. Vol. 2, Trans. SiČn Reynolds. New York: Harper & Row Publishers, 1973.

Carter, Thomas. The Invention of Printing in China and Its Spread Westward. New York: Ronald Press Co., 1955.

The Cambridge Economic History of Europe. General editors, M. M. Postan and H. J. Habakkuk. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1966.

Chaudhuri, K. N., The Trading World of Asia and the English East India Company, 1660- 1760. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1978.

Cipolla, Carlo M. Before the Industrial Revolution: European Society and Economy, 1000- 1700. New York: W. W. Norton & Company Inc., 1976.

--------. The Economic Decline of Empires. London: Methuen & Co. Ltd, 1970.

Critchley, John. Marco Polo's Book. Brookfield: Variorum, 1992.

D'Ancona, Jacob. The City of Light. Trans. and Ed. David Selbourne. London: Little Brown and Company, 1997.

Del Mar, Alexander. History of Money in Ancient Countries From the earliest Times to the Present. London: George Bell and sons, 1885.

--------. Money and Civilization. London: George Bell and sons, 1886.

--------. History of Monetary Systems. London: E. Wilson, 1895.

Dillen, Johannes Gerald van. History of the Principal Public Banks. The Hague: M. Nijoff, 1934.

Dols, Michael. The Black Death in the Middle East. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1977.

Durant, Will. Our Oriental Heritage. New York: Simon & Schulster, 1954.

Durant, Will & Ariel. The Age of Voltaire. New York: Simon & Schulster, 1965.

East India Company. Ed. Henry Stevens and George Birdwood. The Dawn of British Trade to the East Indies as Recorded in the Court Minutes of the East India Company, 1599-1603. London: H Stevens & Sons, 1886.

Florinsky, Michael T. Russia: A History and an Interpretation. New York: Macmillan, 1967.

Gernet, Jacques. A History of Chinese Civilization. Trans. J. R. Foster. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982.

Gottfried, Robert S. The Black Death: Natural and Human Disaster in Medieval Europe. New York: Free Press, 1983.

Haring, Clarence Henry. The Spanish Empire in America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1947.

Hart, Henry, H. Venetian Adventurer Being an Account of the Life and Times and of the Book of Messer Marco Polo. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1942.

Heaton, Herbert. Economic History of Europe. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1948.

Hoggson, Noble Foster. Banking through the Ages. New York: Dodd, Mead & Company, 1926.

Kellenbenz, Herman. Precious Metals in the Age of Expansion: papers of the XIVth International Congress of the Historical Sciences. Stuttgart: Kiett-Cotta, 1981.

Knight, Melvin M. Economic History of Europe. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1926.

Kranister, Willibald. The Moneymakers International. Cambridge: Black Bear Publishing, 1989.

Lane, Frederic, C., Venice A Maritime Republic. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1973.

--------. Venice and History. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University, 1973.

Locke, John. Some Considerations of the Consequences of the Lowering of Interest, and Raising the Value of Money [1692]. In Locke on Money. Ed. Patrick Hyde Kelly Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Lopez Robert S. The Shape of Medieval History. London: Variorum Reprints, 1986.

Lyon, Eugene. "Track of the Manila Galleons." National Geographic 178.3 (1990): 5-37.

McNeill, William H. The Rise of the West. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1963.

Meilink-Roelofsz, M.A.P. Asian Trade and European Influence in the Indonesian Archipelago between 1500 and about 1630. Trans. from Dutch by M.B. Quast. The Hague: Nijoff, 1962.

Mendelssohn, Sidney. The Jews of Asia. London: K Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co., Ltd., 1920.

Michael, Franz T. and Taylor, George E. The Far East in the Modern World. New York: Rinehart and Winston, 1964.

Mun, Thomas. A Discourse of Trade from England unto the East-Indies. London: 1621; reproduced from the first edition. New York: The Facsimile Text Society, 1930.

--------. England's Treasure by Forraign Trade. London: 1664; rpt. New York: Macmillan and Co., 1895.

Pegolotti, Francesco Balducci. Practica della mercatura (c. 1343; reproduced in Della decima e delle altre gravezze, Vol. III. [Lisbon and Lucca, 1766] from a copy of a copy of the original ms., held by the Riccardian Library at Florence, Italy).

Perlmann, S. M. The History of the Jews in China. London: R. Mazin & Co. Ltd., 1913.

Phipps, John. China and Eastern Trade China and Eastern Trade: Brief Notices of the Earliest Intercourse of British Ships with China. London: W. H. Allen and Co., 1836.

Pliny the Elder. Natural History: A Selection. Trans. John F. Healy. London: Penguin Book, 1991.

Polo, Marco. The Book of Ser Marco Polo, The Venetian, Concerning the Kingdoms and Marvels of the East. Ed. and trans. Sir Henry Yule. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1903.

Roth Cecil. The Jewish Contribution to Civilization. London and New York: Harper & Brothers Publishers, 1940.

Ruysbroeck, Willem van. The Mission of Friar William of Rubruck: His Journey to the Court of the Great Khan Möngke, 1253-1255. Trans. Peter Jackson. London: The Hakluyt Society, 1990.

Usher, Abbott Payson. The Early History of Deposit Banking in Mediterranean Europe. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1943.

Vilar, Pierre. A History of Gold and Money, 1450-1920. Trans. Judith White. London: Humanities Press, 1976.

Weber, Max. General Economic History. Trans. Frank Knight. New York: Collier Books, 1927.

--------. Economy and Society. Ed. Guenther Roth and Claus Wittich. New York: Bedminister Press, 1968.

--------. The Sociology of Religion. Trans. E. Fischoff. Boston: Beacon Press, 1963.

Willbond, William "Paper Money Confused First Europeans Who Saw It." Bank Note Reporter, November 1995 Iola: Krause Publications, 1995.

Yule, Sir Henry, ed. and trans. Cathay and the Way Thither, Being A Collection of Medieval Notices of China. Vol. 1-4. New York: Paragon Book Gallery Ltd., 1915.

CHAPTER 4 PAPER MONEY SETTLES IN THE WEST

Acres, W. Marston. The Bank of England from Within 1694-1900. London: Oxford University Press, 1931.

Aftalion, Florin. The French Revolution: An Economic Interpretation. Trans. Martin Thom. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.

AndréadŹs, Andreas M. History of The Bank of England. Trans. C. Meredith. London: P. S. King & son, 1909.

Angell, Norman. The Story of Money. Garden City: Garden City Publishing Company, 1929.

Bannister, Saxe. William Paterson, the Merchant Statesman, and Founder of the Bank of England: His Life and Trials. Edinburgh: William P. Nimmo, 1858.

Braudel, Fernand. Civilization and Capitalism, 15th-18th Century. Vol. I, The Structures of Everyday Life. Trans. SiČn Reynolds. New York: Harper & Row, 1979.

--------. Civilization and Capitalism, 15th-18th Century. Vol. 2, The Wheels of Commerce. Trans. SiČn Reynolds. New York: Harper & Row, 1984.

Cavanaugh, Francis X. The Truth About the National Debt: Five Myths and one Reality. Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 1996.

Clapham, John. The Bank of England, A History. Cambridge: University Press, 1944.

Cipolla, Carlo M. Money in Sixteenth-Century Florence. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989.

Conant, Charles A. A History of Modern Banks of Issue. New York: Putnam, 1927.

Coppieters, Emmanuel. English Bank Note Circulation 1694-1954. Louvain: Louvain Institute of Economic and Social Research, 1955.

Davanzati, Bernardo. Lezione delle Monete e Notizia de' Cambj. 1588; rpt. Turin, Italy 1988.

Davis, Andrew McFarland. "Currency and Banking in the Province of the Massachusetts- Bay." Publications of the American Economic Association, Third Series 2.1 (1901): 293-632.

De Pinto, Isaac. An Essay on Circulation and Credit, in Four Parts, and a Letter on the Jealousy of Commerce. Trans. By the Rev. S. Baggs, M. A. London: Printed for J. Ridley, in St. Jame's Street, 1774.

De Roover, Raymond. Gresham on Foreign Exchange. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1949.

Diehl, Wilbur W. History of the Financial Policies of the Bank of England. Berkeley: unpublished dissertation, 1933.

Dillen, Johannes Gerald van. History of the Principal Public Banks. The Hague: M. Nijoff, 1934.

Durant, Will & Ariel. The Age of Voltaire. New York: Simon & Schulster, 1965.

Feaveryear, Albert Edgar, Sir. The Pound Sterling: A History of English Money. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1963.

Francis, John. History of the Bank of England its Times and Traditions. London: Willoughby & Co., 1848.

Giuseppi, John. The Bank of England-A History from Its Foundation in 1694. London: Evans Brothers, 1966.

Green, Edwin. Banking: an Illustrated History. New York: Rizzoli, 1989.

Haley, K.H.D. The Dutch in the Seventeenth Century. London: Thames & Hudson, 1972.

Heckscher, Eli. An Economic History of Sweden. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1954.

Hoggson, Noble Foster. Banking through the Ages. New York: Dodd, Mead & Company, 1926.

Kellenbenz, Hermann. The Rise of the European Economy. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1976.

Kranister, Willibald. The Moneymakers International. Cambridge: Black Bear Publishing, 1989.

Lambe, Samuel Seasonable Observations Humbly Offered to His Highness the Lord Protector. London: 1657.

Lawson, William John. The History of Banking, with a Comprehensive Account of the Origin, Rise, and Progress, of the Banks of England, Ireland and Scotland. London: R. Bentley, 1855.

Lindgren, Torgny. Riksbankens sedelhistoria 1668-1968. Stockholm: Rabén & Sjögren, 1968.

Macleod, Henry Dunning. Theory and Practice of Banking. London: Longmans, Green, Reader, and Dyer, 1875.

MacKenzie, Alan Douglas. The Bank of England Note a History of its Printing. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1953.

Paul, Ron and Lehrman, Lewis. The Case For Gold: A Minority Report of the U.S. Gold Commission. Washington: Cato Institute, 1982.

Petty, William. The Economic Writings. Ed. Charles Henry Hull. New York: Agustus M. Kelley, 1964.

Pick, Albert. Standard Catalogue of World Paper Money. Iola: Krause Publications, 1990.

Potter, William. The Key of Wealth: Or, A New Way, for Improving of Trade. London: To be sold by Giles Calvert at the black spread Eagle near the West end of Pauls, 1650.

Richards, Richard David. The Early History of Banking in England. London: P. S. King & son, Ltd., 1929.

Roberts, Michael. Gustavus Adolphus and the Rise of Sweden. London: English University Press, 1973.

--------. Sweden as a Great Power, 1611-1697. New York: St. Martins Press, 1968.

Scott, Franklin Daniel. Sweden: The Nation's History. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1977.

Smith, Adam. An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. Chicago: William Benton, publisher Encyclopedia Britannica, 1952.

Strong, Sir Roy. The Story of Britain. London: Random House, 1996.

Trevelyan, George Macauley. History of England. London: Longmans, 1962.

Usher, Abbott Payson. The Early History of Deposit Banking in Mediterranean Europe. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1943.

Vilar, Pierre. A History of Gold and Money, 1450-1920. Trans. Judith White. London: Humanities Press, 1976.

Voltaire, Franćois. History of Charles XII. Trans. Winfred Todhunter. London: J. M. Dent and Co., 1908.

Wiseley, William. A Tool of Power: The Political History of Money-Gold and its Competitors to 1815. New York: Wiley, 1977.

CHAPTER 5 THE FRENCH EXPERIMENT-1716-1720

Angell, Norman. The Story of Money. Garden City: Garden City Publishing Company, 1929.

Bannister, Saxe. William Paterson, the Merchant Statesman, and Founder of the Bank of England: His Life and Trials. Edinburgh: William P. Nimmo, 1858.

Braudel, Fernand. The Identity of France People and Production. Vol. 2. Trans. SiČn Reynolds. New York: Harper Collins Publishers, 1990.

Fairley, John A. Lauriston Castle The Estate and its Owners. Edinburgh: Oliver and Boyd, 1925.

Green, F. C. Eighteenth-Century France, Six Essays. London: J. M. Dent & Sons, 1929.

Groseclose, Elgin. Money and Man: A Survey of Monetary Experience. New York: Frederick Ungar Publishing Co., 1961.

Hyde, Harford Montgomery. John Law: The History of an Honest Adventurer. London: Home & Van Thal, 1948.

Krause, Chester L. and Mishler, Clifford. Standard Catalogue of World Coins 1601-1700. Iola: Krause Publications, 1996.

Krause, Chester L. and Mishler, Clifford. Standard Catalogue of World Coins 1701-1800. Iola: Krause Publications, 2002.

Law, John. Money and Trade Considered, with a Proposal for Supplying the Nation with Money. Reprinted New York 1966. Edinburgh: Andrew Anderson, 1705.

Mackay, Charles. Extraordinary Popular Delusions and the Madness of Crowds. London: George Routledge and Sons, 1841.

Orléans, Duchess of, Elizabeth Charlotte, Princess Palatine. Letters from Liselotte. Trans. and Ed. Maria Kroll. London: Victor Gollancz, 1970.

--------. The Correspondence of Madame, Princess Palatine. Selected and Trans. Katharine Prescott Wormeley. New York: P. F. Collier & Son, 1899.

Perry, Arthur Latham. Elements of Political Economy. New York: Charles. Scribner's Sons, 1873.

Pick, Albert. Standard Catalogue of World Paper Money. Iola: Krause Publications, 1990.

Saint-Simon, Louis de Rouvroy, duc de. Historical Memoirs of the Duc De Saint-Simon A Shortened Version, 1715-1723. Vol. III. Trans. and Ed. Lucy Norton. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1972.

Taussig, Frank William. Principles of Economics. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1913.

Weber, Carolyn and Wildavsky, Aaron. A History of Taxation and Expenditure in the Western World. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1986.

Wilding, Peter. Adventurers in the Eighteenth Century. New York: The Cresset Press, 1937.

Wiseley, William. A Tool of Power: The Political History of Money-Gold and its Competitors to 1815. New York: Wiley, 1977.

Wiston-Glynn, A.W. John Law of Lauriston, Financier and Statesman. Edinburgh: E. Saunders & Co., 1907.

Wood, John Philip. Memoirs of the Life of John Law of Lauriston, Including a Detailed Account of the Rise, Progress, and Termination of the Mississippi System. Edinburgh: Adam Black, North Bridge, 1824.

CHAPTER 6 THE PAPER MONEY OF THE THIRTEEN COLONIES

Adams, Charles. Those Dirty Rotten Taxes: The Tax Revolts that Built America. New York: Free Press, 1998.

Bailyn, Bernard. The New England Merchants in the Seventeenth Century. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1955.

--------. The Ordeal of Thomas Hutchinson. Cambridge: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1974.

Barck, Oscar and Lefler, Hugh. Colonial America. New York: Macmillan, 1958.

Behrens, Kathryn L. Paper Money in Maryland 1727-1789. Baltimore: John Hopkins Press, 1923.

Brogan, Hugh. The Longman History of the United States. New York: Longman, 1985.

Bronson, Henry and M. D. Read. A Historical Account of Connecticut Currency, Continental Money, and the Finances of the Revolution in Papers of the New Haven Colony Historical Society, Vol. I, New Haven: 1865.

Burnaby, Andrew. Burnaby's Travels Through North America. Reprinted from the revised and enlarged edition of 1798. New York: A. Wessel's Company, 1904.

Davis, Andrew McFarland. "Currency and Banking in the Province of the Massachusetts- Bay." Publications of the American Economic Association, Third Series 2.1 (1901): 293-632.

Douglas, William. A Discourse Concerning the Currencies of the British Plantations in America-Especially With Regard to Their Paper Money. Boston: Printed and Sold by S. Kneeland & T. Green, 1740.

Ernst, Joseph Albert. Money and Politics in America 1755-1775, A Study of the Currency Act of 1764 and the Political Economy of Revolution. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1973.

Evans, George G. Illustrated History of the United States Mint. Philadelphia: G. G. Evans, 1891.

Fiske, John. Critical Period of American History, 1783-1789. Boston: Houghton & Mifflin, 1888.

Franklin, Benjamin. A Modest Enquiry into the Nature and Necessity of a Paper Currency. Philadelphia: Printed and sold by Benjamin

Franklin, 1729.

Franklin, Benjamin. The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin. Ed. John Bigelow. New York: G. P. Putnam's sons, 1909.

Franklin, Benjamin. The Papers of Benjamin Franklin. Vol. VII. Ed. Leonard Labaree. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1963.

Franklin, Benjamin. The Works of Benjamin Franklin. Vol. III. Ed. Jared Sparks. Boston: Hilliard Gray, and Company, 1840.

Franklin, Benjamin. The Complete Works of Benjamin Franklin. Vol. III. Ed. John Bigelow. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1887.

Goodman, Paul, ed. Essays in American Colonial History. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1967.

Gouge, William M. A Short History of Paper Money and Banking in the United States. Philadelphia: Printed by T. W. Ustick, 1833.

Hammond, Bray. Banks and Politics in America, from the Revolution to the Civil War. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991.

Haseltine, John W. Description of the Paper Money issued by the Continental Congress of the United States and the Several Colonies. Philadelphia: J. W. Haseltine, publisher, 1872.

Heath, William Estill. "The Early Colonial Money System of Georgia." The Georgia Historical Quarterly 19.2 (1935): 134-160.

Hickcox, John. A History of the Bills of Credit or Paper Money Issued by New York from 1709-1789. Albany: J. H. Hickcox & Co., 1866.

Hoober, Richard T. "Financial History of Colonial Virginia." The Numismatist November (1953): 1270.

Knox, John Jay. A History of Banking in the United States. New York: A. M. Kelley, 1969.

Lester, Richard. Monetary Experiments. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1939.

Lewis Jr., Lawrence. A History of the Bank of North America. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co., 1882.

Marshall, John. A History of the Colonies Planted by the English on the Continent of North America. Philadelphia: A. Small, 1824.

McCusker, John J. Money and Exchange in Europe and America, 1600-1775 A Handbook. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1978.

McKay, George L. Early American Currency. New York: The Typohiles, 1944. Middlekauff, Robert. Benjamin Franklin and His Enemies. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996.

Newman, Eric P. The Early Paper Money of America. Iola: Krause Publications, 1990.

Nussbaum, Arthur. A History of the Dollar. New York: Columbia University Press, 1957.

Parton, James. Life and Times of Benjamin Franklin. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin and company, 1892.

Perry, Arthur Latham. Elements of Political Economy. New York: Charles. Scribner's Sons, 1873.

Phillips, Henry. Historical Sketches of the Paper Currency of the American Colonies, Prior to the Adoption of the Federal Constitution.

Roxbury: Printed For W. Elliot Woodward, 1865.

Ramsay, David. Military Memoirs of Great Britain, or A History of the War, 1755-1763. Edinburgh: David Ramsey, 1779.

Rawles, Francis. Ways and Means For the Inhabitants of Delaware to Become Rich. Philadelphia. S. Keimer, 1725.

Rodney, Richard S. Colonial Finances in Delaware. Wilmington: Wilmington Trust Company, 1928.

Schlesinger, Arthur, Meier. The Birth of a Nation, a Portrait of the American People on the Eve of Independence. New York: Knopf, 1968.

Smith, Page A. New Age Now Begins: A People's History of the American Revolution. Vol. I & II. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1976.

Van Doren, Carl. Benjamin Franklin. New York: The Viking Press, 1938.

Vaughan, Alden T. America before the Revolution 1725-1775. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1967.

Watson, Alan D. Money and Monetary Problems in Early North Carolina. Raleigh: North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources, 1980.

White, Horace. "New York's Colonial Currency." Sound Currency April (1897): 53

Wood, Gordon S. The Radicalism of the American Revolution. New York: A. A. Knopf, 1991.

Wright, John. The American Negotiator: Or, The Various Currencies Of The British Colonies in America. London: Printed for the Proprietors, 1763.

CHAPTER 7 CONTINENTAL CURRENCY

Bezanson, Anne. Prices and Inflation During the American Revolution. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1951.

Bullock, Charles J. Essays on the Monetary History of the United States. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1900.

Hammond, Bray. Banks and Politics in America, from the Revolution to the Civil War. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991.

Hickcox, John. A History of the Bills of Credit or Paper Money Issued by New York from 1709-1789. Albany: J. H. Hickcox & Co., 1866.

Holt, Byron W., "Continental Currency." Sound Currency April, (1898): 82-112

--------. "Continental Money." Harper's New Monthly Magazine 24.154 (1863): 433-47.

Moore, Frank. Diary of the American Revolution From Newspaper and Original Documents. London: S. Low, Son & Country, 1860.

Paine, Thomas. Common Sense. New York: Penguin Books, 1986.

Poor, Henry V. Money and Its Laws: Embracing A History of the Monetary Theories, and Currencies of the United States. New York: H. V. and H. W. Poor, 1877.

Potter, Elisha R., and Rider, Sidney. Some Account of the Bills of Credit or Paper Money of Rhode Island 1710-1786. Providence: S. S.

Rider, 1880.

Ramsay, David. The History of the American Revolution. London: Printed for John Stockdale, 1793.

--------. Military Memoirs of Great Britain, or A History of the War, 1755-1763. Edinburgh: David Ramsey, 1779.

Smith, Page A. New Age Now Begins: A People's History of the American Revolution. Vol. 1 & 2. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1976.

Taussig, Frank William. Principles of Economics. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1913.

Washington, George. The Writings of George Washington. Vol. I. Ed. Jared Sparks. New York: Harper & Brothers, Publishers, 1847.

Washington, George. The Writings of George Washington. Vol. II. Ed. Jared Sparks. New York: Harper & Brothers, Publishers, 1847.

Washington, George. The Writings of George Washington. Vol. VI. Ed. Jared Sparks. New York: Harper & Brothers, Publishers, 1847.

Washington, George. The Writings of George Washington. Vol. VIII. Ed. Jared Sparks. New York: Harper & Brothers, Publishers, 1847.

Washington, George. The Writings of George Washington. Vol. VII. Ed. Worthington Ford. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1890.

Washington, George. The Writings of George Washington. Vol. VIII. Ed. Worthington Ford. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1890.

Sumner, William Graham. The Financier and the Finances of the American Revolution. New York: Dodd, Mead, and Company, 1892.

Webster, Pelatiah. Political Essays or the Nature and Operation of money, public finances, and other subjects. Philadelphia: J. Crukshank, 1791.

CHAPTER 8 ASSIGNATS AND MANDATS TERRITORIAUX

Aftalion, Florin. The French Revolution-An Economic Interpretation. Trans. Martin Thom. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.

Braudel, Fernand. The Identity of France People and Production. Vol. 2. Trans. SiČn Reynolds. New York: Harper Collins Publishers, 1990.

Bresciani-Turroni, Costantino. The Economics of Inflation A Study of Currency Depreciation in Post-War Germany 1914-1923. London: George Allen & Unwin Ltd, 1953.

Carlyle, Thomas. Parliamentary History of The French Revolution. London: Baldwin, Cradock and Joy, 1837.

Conant, Charles A. A History of Modern Banks of Issue. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons 1927.

Davanzati, Bernardo. Lezione delle Monete e Notizia de' Cambj. 1588; rpt. Turin, Italy 1988.

Del Mar, Alexander. Money and Civilization. London: George Bell and sons, 1886.

Durant, Will & Ariel. The Age of Napoleon. New York: MJF Books, 1975.

Falkner, Semen Anisimovich. Das Papiergeld der französischen Revolution 1789-1797. München: Duncker & Humblot, 1924.

Gershoy, Leo. The French Revolution and Napoleon. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1964.

Gottschalk, Louis R. The Era of The French Revolution. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1929.

Harris, S. E. The Assignats. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1930.

Hoggson, Noble Foster. Banking through the Ages. New York: Dodd, Mead & Company, 1926.

Loomis, Stanley. Paris in The Terror June 1793-July 1794. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1964.

MacLeod, Henry Dunning. The Principles of Economical Philosophy. London: Longmans, Green, Reader, and Dyer, 1872-1875.

Moulton, Harold Glenn. Principles of Money and Banking. Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1916.

Orieux, Jean. Talleyrand The Art of Survival. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1974.

Perry, Arthur Latham. Elements of Political Economy. New York: Charles. Scribner's Sons, 1873.

Playfair, William. An Inquiry into the Permanent Causes of the Decline and Fall of Powerful and Wealthy Nations. London: Printed For Greenland And Norris, Bookseller Finsbury-Square, 1807.

Poor, Henry V. Resumption and the Silver Question. New York: H. V. & H. W. Poor, 1878.

Robiquet, Jean. Daily Life in the French Revolution. Trans. James Kirkup. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1991.

Sydenham, M.J. The French Revolution. New York: Capricorn Books, 1965.

Taussig, Frank William. Principles of Economics. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1913.

White, Andrew Dickson. Fiat Money Inflation in France. New York: D. Appleton-Century Company, 1933.

Wilson, McNair. The Mind of Napoleon. London: G. Routledge & sons, ltd., 1934.

CHAPTER 9 UNITED STATES FIAT PAPER MONEY-1781 TO WW I

Appleton, Nathan. Remarks on Currency and Banking. Boston: C. C. Little and J. Brown, 1841.

Bacon, Thorn. Remme's Ride For the Gold. Wilsonville: Book Partners Inc., 1994.

Bancroft, George. "A Plea for the Constitution of the U. S. of America." Harper's Weekly February 5, 1886 New York (1886): 30-95.

Burnell, O.K. Gold in the Woodpile-An Informal History of Banking in Oregon. Eugene: Orin Kay, University of Oregon Books, 1967.

Bradbeer, William. Confederate and Southern State Currency. Mt. Vernon: William Bradbeer, 1915.

Bullock, Charles J. Essays on the Monetary History of the United States. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1900.

Calhoun John C. Remarks of Mr. Calhoun in the Senate of the United States, on the bill authorizing an issue of treasury notes on the 19th of September 1837.

Carey, Henry. Answers to The Questions: What Constitutes Currency? What are the Causes of Unsteadiness of the Currency? and What is the Remedy? Philadelphia: Lea & Blanchard, 1840.

Davis, Andrew M. The Origin of the National Banking System. Washington: Washington Government Printing Office, 1910.

Davis, Jefferson. The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government. Richmond: Garrett and Massie, 1938.

Dewey, Davis Rich. Financial History of the United States. New York: Longmans Green, 1939.

Eggleston, George Cary. A Rebel's Recollection. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1959.

Friedman, Milton and Schwartz, Anna Jacobson. Monetary History of the United States 1867-1960. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1963.

Hammond, Bray. Banks and Politics in America, from the Revolution to the Civil War. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991.

Hessler, Gene. The Comprehensive Catalogue of U. S. Paper Money All United States Federal Currency Since 1812. Port Clinton: BNR Press, 1992.

Hutchinson, W.H. California The Golden Shore by the Sundown Sea. Belmont: Star, 1984.

Kagin, Donald, H. Private Gold Coins and Patterns of the United States. New York: Arco Publishing, Inc., 1981.

Lewis, Lawrence Jr. A History of the Bank of North America, the First Bank Chartered in the United States. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co., 1882.

Lossing, Benson J. A Grammar-School History of the United States. New York: Sheldon and Company, 1869.

Mann, Charles A. Paper Money, the Root of Evil. New York: D. Appleton & Co., 1872.

Middleton, Henry. The Government and the Currency. New York: King and Baird, 1844.

Mitchell, Wesley Clair. The History of the Greenbacks. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1903.

Muhleman, Maurice Lewis. Monetary Systems of the World-A Study of Present Currency Systems and Statistical Information Relative to the Volume of the World's Money with Complete Abstracts of Various Plans Proposed for the Solution of the Currency Problem. New York: C. H.

Nicoll, 1895.

Murad, Anatol. The Paradox of a Metal Standard. Washington, D. C.: Graphic Arts Press, Inc., 1939.

Paine, Thomas. Writings of Thomas Paine. Ed. M.C. Conway. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1894-1896.

Palyi, Melchoir. The Twilight of Gold 1914-1936. Chicago: H. Regnery Co., 1972.

Pierce, Bessie Louise. A History of Chicago. Vol. 2. New York: A. A. Knopf, 1940.

Reinfeld, Fred. The Story of Civil War Money. New York: Sterling Publishing Co., 1959.

Richardson, Heather Cox. The Greatest Nation of the Earth-Republican Economic Policies During the Civil War. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1997.

Sandburg, Carl. Abraham Lincoln The War Years. Vol. 1-4. New York: Harcourt, Brace & Company, 1939.

Taussig, Frank William. Principles of Economics. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1913.

Thompson, Richard G. Expectations and the Greenback Rate 1862-1878. New York: Garland, 1985.

Trescott, Paul B. Financing American Enterprise. New York: Harper & Row, Publishers, 1963.

Walker, Amasa LL.D. Commercial and Monetary Interests of California. San Francisco: J. H. Carmany & Co., 1873.

CHAPTER 10 THE EXPLOSION OF PAPER MONEY IN THE 19TH CENTURY

Aftalion, Florin. The French Revolution-An Economic Interpretation. Trans. Martin Thom. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.

AndréadŹs, Andreas M. History of The Bank of England. Trans. C. Meredith. London: P. S. King & son, 1909.

Anna, Timothy E. The Mexican Empire of Iturbide. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1990.

Bancroft, George A. Harper's Handy Series Harper's Weekly February 5, 1886. New York: A. L. Bancroft & Co., 1886.

Bancroft, Hubert Howe. History of Mexico. Vol. III. San Francisco: A. L. Bancroft, 1883.

Boissevain, G.M. "Currency Elasticity In Holland." Sound Currency October, (1897): 2.

Braudel, Fernand. The Identity of France People and Production. Vol. 2. Trans. SiČn Reynolds. New York: Harper Collins Publishers, 1990.

Brown, George W. The Economic History of Liberia. Washington D.C.: The Associated Publishers, 1941.

Bureau of Statistics, Department of State. Money and Prices in Foreign Countries. Vol. XIII part I & II. Washington: United States Government Printing Office, 1896.

Burns, Bradford E. A History of Brazil. New York: Columbia University Press, 1970.

Cassell, Abayomi Christian. Liberia: History of the First African Republic. New York: Fountainhead Publishers, 1970.

Cassell, Francis. Gold and Credit. New York: Published for the Federal Trust for Education and Research, London by Praeger, 1965.

Conant, Charles A. A History of Modern Banks of Issue. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1927.

Craig, Gordon A. Germany 1866-1945. New York: Oxford University Press, 1978.

Cruz, Arturo J. Jr. Nicaragua's Conservative Republic, 1858-93. Oxford: Palgrave, 2002.

Cumberland, Charles C. Mexico The Struggle for Modernity. New York: Oxford University Press, 1968.

Davies, Norman. God's Playground A History of Poland, 1795 to Present. Vol. II. New York: Columbia University Press, 1982.

Dimitroff, Pashanko. King Of Mercy-Boris III of Bulgaria 1894-1943. Lewes: Book Guild, 1993.

Essars, Pierre Des. A History of Banking in the Latin Nations in A History of Banking in all the Leading Nations. Vol. III, New York: Journal of Commerce and Commercial Bulletin, 1896: 1-412.

Gin, Ooi Keat. Of Free Trade and Native Interests-The Brookes and the Economic Development of Sarawak, 1841-1941. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Hanson, Simon B. Utopia in Uruguay-Chapters in the Economic History of Uruguay. New York: Oxford University Press, 1938.

Heaton, Herbert. "A Merchant Adventurer in Brazil, 1808-1818." Journal of Economic History VI 6.1 (1946): 1-23.

Holstein, Ducoudray, Gen. H. L. V. Memoirs of Simon Bolivar. Vol. I. London: Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley, 1830.

Horn, Antoine. "A History of Banking in the Russian Empire." A History of Baking in all the Leading Nations, Vol. II. New York: Journal of Commerce and Commercial Bulletin 1896: 339-435.

Jones, Chester Lloyd. Guatemala Past and Present. Minneapolis: The University of Minnesota Press, 1940.

Joslin, David. A Century of Banking in Latin America. London: Oxford University Press, 1963.

Krause, Chester L. and Mishler, Clifford. 1996 Standard Catalog of World Coins. Iola: Krause Publications, 1996.

Lincoln, Bruce W. In War's Dark Shadow. New York: The Dial Press, 1983.

Lieuwen, Edwin. Venezuela. London: Oxford University Press, 1965.

Lo, Joan. Glimpses From Sarawak's Past. Kuching: Agas (S) Sdn Dhd, 1986.

MacLeod, Henry Dunning. The Principles of Economical Philosophy. Vol. I. London: Longmans, Green, Reader, and Dyer, 1872.

--------. The Principles of Economical Philosophy. Vol. I. London: Longmans, Green, Reader, and Dyer, 1875.

--------. Theory and Practice of Banking. London: Longmans, Green, Reader, and Dyer, 1875.

--------. "A History of Banking in Great Britain." in A History of Banking in all the Leading Nations, pp. 1-341. New York: Journal of Commerce and Commercial Bulletin, 1896.

Madariaga, Salvador de. Bolivar. New York: Pellegrini & Cudahy, 1952.

Malthus, T. R. Principles of Political Economy Considered with a View to Their Practical Application. London: John Murray, Albemarle-Street, 1820.

Marshall, Alfred. Money Credit & Commerce. London: Macmillan & Co. Limited, 1923.

Martin, Percy F. Greece of the Twentieth Century. London: T. Fisher Unwin, 1913.

Mathison, Gilbert Farquhar. Narrative of a Visit to Brazil, Chile, Peru, and the Sandwich Islands, During the Years 1821 and 1822. London: Printed for Charles Knight, Pall Mall East, 1825.

Miller, John. Memoirs of General Miller in the Service of the Republic of Peru. Vol. II. London: Printed for Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, and Green, 1828.

Mills, George J. Argentina. New York: D. Appleton & Company, 1914.

Mitjavile, Henri. La Crise du Change en Espagne. Bordeaux: 1904.

Muhleman, Maurice Lewis. Monetary Systems of the World-A Study of Present Currency Systems and Statistical Information Relative to the Volume of the World's Money with Complete Abstracts of Various Plans Proposed for the Solution of the Currency Problem. New York: C. H.

Nicoll, 1895.

National Monetary Commission The Reichsbank 1876-1900. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1910.

Nedelkovitch, Milorad. Economic and Financial Review of the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes at the beginning of 1924. Paris: Libraire Generale De Droit & De Jurisprudence, 1924.

Nowell, Charles, E. Portugal. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1973.

Palgrave, Robert. Notes on Banking in Great Britain and Ireland, Sweden, Denmark and Hamburg. London: J. Murray, 1873.

Pamuk, Sevket. A Monetary History of the Ottoman Empire. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000.

Paxson, Frederic L. The Independence of the South American Republics. Philadelphia: Ferris & Leach, 1916.

Pike, Fredrick, B. The Modern History of Peru. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1967.

Prago, Albert. The Revolutions in Spanish America The Independence Movements of 1808- 1825. New York: Macmillan, 1972.

Price, Morgan. A history of Turkey, from empire to republic. London: Allen & Unwin, 1968.

Reid, James J. Crisis of the Ottoman Empire-Prelude to Collapse 1839-1878. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag Stuttgart, 2000.

Ricardo, David. Proposals for an Economical and Secure Currency. London: Printed for John Murray, 1816.

Ricardo, David. The High Price of Bullion a Proof of the Depreciation of Bank Notes. London: G. Bell and Sons, 1811.

Rodríguez, Linda Alexander. The Search for Public Policy-Regional Politics and Government Finances in Ecuador, 1830-1940. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1985.

Safford, Frank Commerce and Enterprise in Central Colombia 1821-1870. Ann Arbor: dissertation, 1966.

Subercaseaux, Guillermo. Monetary and Banking Policy of Chile. Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, 1922.

Syamananda, Rong. A History of Thailand. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University, 1988.

Taussig, Frank William. Principles of Economics. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1913.

Temperley, Harold. Ed. W. F. Reddaway, et. al. The Cambridge History of Poland. Cambridge: University Press, 1941.

Terry, José A. Contribución ą la historia financiera de la República Argentina. Buenos Aires: La Nacion, 1910.

Thompson, George. The War in Paraguay. London: Longmans, Green and Co., 1869.

Trend, J. B. Portugal. London: Ernst Benn Limited, 1957.

Wallich, Henry and Triffin, Robert. The Monetary and Banking Legislation of the Dominican Republic. New York: Federal Reserve Bank of New York, 1953.

Walker, J. H. Power and Prowess-The origins of Brooke kingship in Sarawak. Honolulu: The University of Hawaii Press, 2002.

Walker, Thomas. Nicaragua Living in the Shadow of the Eagle. Boulder: Westview Press, 2003.

Warren, Harris, Gaylord. Paraguay-An Informal History. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1949.

Whigham, Thomas. The Politics of River Trade Tradition and Development in the Upper Plata, 1870-1870. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1991.

Wilding, Peter. Adventurers in the Eighteenth Century. New York: The Cresset Press, 1937.

Williams, John, H. Argentine International Trade Under Inconvertible Paper Money 1880- 1900. Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1020.

Williamson, G.A. John. Caracas Diary 1835-1840-The Journal of John G. A. Williamson, first diplomatic representative of the United States to Venezuela. Ed. Jane de Grummond. Baton Rouge: Camellia Publishing Company, 1954.

CHAPTER 11 FIAT PAPER MONEY IN THE 20TH CENTURY

Abraham, A. J. The Lebanon War. Westport: Praeger, 1996.

Angell, Norman. The Story of Money. Garden City: Garden City Publishing Company, 1929.

Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. The Federal Reserve System Purposes & Functions. Washington: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, 1984.

Bresciani-Turroni, Costantino. The Economics of Inflation A Study of Currency Depreciation in Post-War Germany 1914-1923. London: George

Allen & Unwin Ltd, 1953.

Bulloch, John. Final Conflict The War in The Lebanon. London: Century Publishing, 1983.

Burns, Bradford E. A History of Brazil. New York: Columbia University Press, 1970.

Cagan, Phillip. "The Monetary Dynamics of Hyperinflation." in Studies in the Quantity Theory of Money. Ed. Milton Friedman. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1956.

Conant, Charles A. A History of Modern Banks of Issue. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1927.

Daneshvar, Parviz. Revolution in Iran. London: Macmillan Press, 1996.

Davies, Norman. God's Playground A History of Poland, 1795 to Present. Vol. II. New York: Columbia University Press, 1982.

DeBordes, J. Van Walré. The Austrian Crown it Depreciation and Stabilization. London: P. S. King & Son, Ltd., 1924.

Falk, Pamela S. Inflation: Are We Next? Hyperinflation and Solutions in Argentina, Brazil and Israel. Boulder & London: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1990.

Fergusson, Adam. When Money Dies-The Nightmare of the Weimar Collapse. London: William Kimber, 1975.

Fischer, Irving. The Money Illusion. New York: Adelphi Company, 1928.

Foster, William, Z. The Russian Revolution. Chicago: Trade Union Educational League, 1921.

Giurescu, Dinu C. and Stephen Fischer-Galati, eds. Romania a Historic Perspective. Boulder: East European Monographs, 1998.

Lieftinck, Pieter, The Minister of Finance, White Paper Regarding The Measures For The Currency Rehabilitation In The Netherlands. The Hague: Government Publishers, 1947.

Gulick Charles, A. Austria from Habsburg to Hitler. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1948.

Harrigan, Jane. From Dictatorship to Democracy Economic Policy in Malawi 1964-2000. Aldersot: Ashgate, 2000.

Hirst, Francis W. The Paper Moneys of Europe: Their Moral and Economic Significance. Boston & New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1922.

--------. Trade, Expenditure, Taxation and Money. London: Longmans, Green & Co., 1923.

Hu, The-Wei. "Dynamics of Hyperinflation in China, 1945-1949." The Southern Economic Journal Vol. xxxvi, No. 4, April, (1970): 453-457.

Kindleberger, Charles P.A. Financial History of Western Europe. London: Allen & Unwin, 1984.

Knapp, Georg Friedrich. The State Theory of Money. London: Published on behalf of the Royal Economic Society by Macmillan and Co., 1924.

Nedelkovitch, Milorad. Economic and Financial Review of the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes at the beginning of 1924. Paris: Libraire Generale De Droit & De Jurisprudence, 1924.

Paarlberg, Don. An Analysis and History of Inflation. Wesport: Praeger, 1993.

Pick, Franz. 1930-1962 Common Stocks vs. Gold. New York: Pick Publishing Corporation, 1963.

--------. The United States Dollar 1940-1980 An Advance Obituary. New York: Pick Publishing Corporation, 1981.

Reinhart, Carmen M. and Kenneth S. Rogoff. "The Modern History of Exchange Rate Arrangements: A Reinterpretation." NBER Working Papers, no. 8963 (2002), http://www.nber.org/papers/w8963.

Roosevelt, Nicholas. Venezuela's Place in the Sun, Modernizing a Pioneering Country. New York: Round Table Press, Inc., 1940.

Siklos, Pierre, L. Great Inflations of the 20th Century-Theories, Policies and Evidence. Ed. Pierre L. Siklos. Brookfield: Edward Elgar Publishing Company, 1995.

Schmukler, Nathan and Edward Marcus, eds. Inflation Through the Ages: Economic, Social, Psychological and Historical Aspects. New York: Brooklyn College Press, 1983.

Schwartzman, Kathleen C. The Social Origins of Democratic Collapse the First Portuguese Republic in the Global Economy. Manhattan: University Press, 1989.

Thorpe, Rosemary and Bertram, Geoffrey. Peru 1890-1977 Growth and Policy in an Open Economy. New York: Columbia University Press, 1978.

Weber, Max. Economy and Society. Ed. Guenther Roth and Claus Wittich. New York: Bedminister Press, 1968.

CHAPTER 12 THE FUTURE OF FIAT PAPER MONEY

Furche, Andreas and Wrightson, Graham. Computer Money A Systemic Overview of Electronic Payment Systems. Heidelberg: dpunkt Verlag für digitale Technologie GmbH, 1996.

Lossing, Benson J. A Grammar-School History of the United States. New York: Sheldon and Company, 1869.

Magruder, Frank A. American Government a Consideration of the Problems of Democracy. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1945.

Smith, Adam. The Wealth of Nations. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1991.

Smith, Adam. The Wealth of Nations. Vol. II, book IV and V. Ed. Edwin Cannan. London: Methuen & Co., 1961.

Smith, Adam. An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. Chicago: William Benton, publisher Encyclopedia Britannica, 1952.

Weber, Max. Economy and Society. Ed. Guenther Roth and Claus Wittich. New York: Bedminister Press, 1968.

CHAPTER 13 EPILOGUE

Bullock, Charles J. Essays on the Monetary History of the United States. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1900.